|Almond growers produced a record yield in 2017.|
- Survey the trees to make sure there are no more than two mummy nuts per tree by February 1. Jenna points out University of California researchers have found ignoring winter mummy nut sanitation leads to higher populations of overwintering navel orangeworm and greater kernel damage at harvest time.
- Inspect drip irrigation lines and sprinkler heads and make the necessary repairs. Growers don’t want to wait until they start irrigating next season and discover their drip lines are damaged.
- Fix the potholes on access roads. Growers can scrap the dirt and level to smooth the roadway.
- Remove loose or broken bark caused by shakers. These nooks could become winter havens for pests.
- Survey the orchard floor for weeds and identify those that were not controlled by a fall pre-emergent treatment. Record the findings. UC Integrated Pest Management says growers should consider applying a post-emergent treatment in January.
|Signs of rust on almond leaves. (UC IPM photo)|
- Take one more dormant spur sample this month for scale and mite eggs and compare results from earlier samples. Treat if necessary.
- Check trees for hiding places for peach twig borer. If treatment is needed, use a more environmentally friendly material or put off treatment until bloom.
- Monitor for rust in orchards with almond varieties that keep their leaves during the winter. Treatment would come in the spring.
- Watch for gophers and mound-building activity.